THC and Employment in Texas: Know Your Rights


THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is a compound found in cannabis plants that is responsible for its psychoactive effects. As laws surrounding the use of cannabis continue to evolve, it is important for individuals to understand how THC may impact their employment in Texas. This article aims to provide comprehensive information and updates on THC in Texas, specifically regarding employment rights.

Overview of THC Laws in Texas

Before discussing the impact of THC on employment, it is crucial to understand the current laws and regulations surrounding THC in Texas. As of now, Texas has not legalized recreational marijuana use. Possession, sale, and cultivation of marijuana, including THC-rich strains, are still considered illegal under state law.

However, House Bill 1325, passed in 2019, legalized the production and sale of hemp and hemp-derived products, including CBD (cannabidiol) with less than 0.3% THC. This means that certain CBD products are legally available in Texas, but only if they meet the THC concentration criteria.

THC and Pre-Employment Drug Testing

Many employers in Texas conduct pre-employment drug testing as part of their hiring process. These tests aim to detect the presence of illegal substances, including THC. If you are a job seeker, it is important to understand how THC may impact your chances of securing employment.

In Texas, employers have the right to refuse employment or terminate an employee if they test positive for THC during a drug test. This is true even if the THC was consumed legally, such as through the use of CBD products. It's essential to note that Texas is an "at-will" employment state, meaning employers can terminate employees without cause, subject to some exceptions that apply to protected classes.

Exceptions and Legal Protections

Despite Texas being an "at-will" employment state, there are some exceptions and legal protections that employees can be aware of:

  • Medical Marijuana: While medical marijuana is not legal in Texas, some states recognize it for medical purposes. If an employee has a valid prescription for medical marijuana from another state, they may have protections under certain anti-discrimination laws. However, these protections are limited and don't guarantee job security.
  • Disability Protections: Employees who use THC or other substances for medical reasons to manage a disability may have certain protections under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). However, it is important to consult with legal professionals who specialize in employment law to understand how the ADA applies to specific circumstances.
  • Union Contracts: If you are a member of a union, your employment rights may be protected through union contracts. These contracts often outline specific guidelines regarding drug testing and employee rights. It is advisable to consult with your union representative for detailed information.

Implications for Employees

For employees in Texas, it is important to consider the implications of THC use on their employment:

  • Job Applications: When filling out job applications, it is essential to answer all questions honestly, especially those related to drug use. Lying on an application can lead to termination if discovered later.
  • Workplace Policies: Familiarize yourself with your employer's drug policies to understand their stance on THC use. Some companies may have stricter policies than others, and non-compliance could result in disciplinary action or termination.
  • Off-Duty Use: Even if THC is consumed legally and outside of working hours, employers can still enforce policies that prohibit THC use by employees. It is crucial to be aware of these policies and make informed decisions regarding THC use.

Education and Advocacy

With the shifting landscape surrounding THC laws, education and advocacy play a crucial role in promoting awareness and change. It is important for employees and job seekers to stay informed about the latest developments in THC legislation and understand their rights.

Furthermore, individuals can support organizations and initiatives that advocate for fair employment practices and the decriminalization of THC. By raising awareness and engaging in discussions, we can contribute to a more inclusive and progressive society.


THC and employment rights in Texas are complex and ever-evolving topics. While Texas law still prohibits marijuana use, including THC, it is essential for individuals to understand the potential impact on their employment. By staying informed, knowing their rights, and advocating for change, individuals can navigate the intersection of THC and employment in Texas more effectively.

Remember, this article is for informational purposes only and not intended as legal advice. If you have specific concerns or legal questions, consult with an attorney knowledgeable in Texas employment law.